Types of Thyroid Eye Disease
- Posted on: Dec 15 2018
Thyroid Eye Disease (TED) is an autoimmune condition that is commonly referred to as Graves’ disease. This medical problem occurs when immune cells perceive the tissue around the eyes as a danger. As cells attack this tissue, the muscles or fat around the eyes expands with inflammation. As a result, the eyes may feel dry and irritated or painful. The eyes may also look puffy or bulging.
It is vital that the type of thyroid eye disease receive attention from the onset of care because the way that proptosis presents affects the degree of improvement that can be achieved as well as the risks of surgery to reduce bulging. Here, we will discuss the two types of thyroid eye disease: fat predominant and muscle predominant disease.
- Fat predominant thyroid eye disease is typically characterized by a high degree of proptosis; the eyes will bulge noticeably. We normally see fat predominant disease in younger patients. The risk of double vision after surgery is very low with this type of TED.
- Muscle predominant thyroid eye disease may present low or high degrees of proptosis, and everything in between. This type of TED can cause double vision and thus presents a higher risk of double vision postoperatively, as well.
Special Care for Special Patients
Thyroid eye disease is a complex health condition that requires intervention at the earliest opportunity. A thyroid eye disease specialist has the extensive education and training that enables this doctor to thoroughly understand the various ways in which TED can present and how to properly approach each case. Dr. Raymond Douglas has been performing orbital decompression surgery for several years in the United States and abroad. At the International Orbital Institute in Beverly Hills, hundreds of patients undergo orbital decompression to reduce the physical and psychological effects of TED. Additionally, non-surgical treatments are also available and may be suitable for lower degrees of proptosis.
Learn more about the treatment options that may help you improve the comfort and cosmetic appearance of your eyes. Call (310) 657-4302 to speak with a member of our staff about scheduling your consultation with thyroid eye disease expert, Dr. Raymond Douglas.
Posted in: Thyroid Eye Disease